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"The Birth of NERV" is the twenty-first episode of Neon Genesis Evangelion.


Deputy Commander Kozo Fuyutsuki is kidnapped and interrogated by SEELE, who are outraged that in its last battle Unit-01 absorbed the S² Engine from an Angel into its body, so that it no longer requires an external power source and can now function indefinitely. Meanwhile, Kaji goes AWOL to try to find out the truth about NERV. As Fuyutsuki is interrogated by SEELE, he recounts in flashbacks how he first met Gendo, Yui, the dark events surrounding Second Impact, and how NERV and the Evangelion project were born. Flashbacks also reveal the history of Misato, Ritsuko, and Rei.


A recording showing the circumstances leading up to Second Impact begins the episode.

Ryoji Kaji makes a phone call to Misato, and gets her answering machine. He comments that this is his last mission, and that his NERV I.D. card looks like blood. Elsewhere, Misato has just heard that Fuyutsuki has been abducted, and Kaji is a suspect. Because of her relationship with Kaji, she is also under suspicion and is taken into custody.

Kozo Fuyutsuki, meanwhile, faces the SEELE monoliths rather than the committee. They have questions to ask him, and call him Fuyutsuki-sensei, a title he hasn’t heard in a long time....

A flashback to 1999, in Kyoto. Working at the university, Fuyutsuki is told about the work of a promising new bioengineering student, Yui Ikari, and the two have a meeting, revealing that Yui is also considering a domestic life over her research. Fuyutsuki looks both startled by and interested in this information.

Shortly afterwards,Fuyutsuki meets Gendo Rokubungi. The younger man had asked to be released into Fuyutsuki’s custody after being involved in a brawl, even though Fuyutsuki had never heard of him. Fuyutsuki dislikes Gendo almost immediately, so, he is surprised to hear that he and Yui are seeing each other[1]. Yui says that Gendo is actually very nice, but no one knows it. Fuyutsuki notes that at the time, it was thought that Gendo was with Yui because of her connections to SEELE.

Second Impact occurs; Fuyutsuki does not go into detail, except to say that the first year was "pure hell". In 2002, he is working as an unlicensed doctor in the ruins of Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture. Japan is now a country of perpetual summer. Fuyutsuki finds that he has been invited to a UN investigation of the Second Impact.

Gendo is there in Antarctica, much to Fuyutsuki’s shock, having apparently left a day before Second Impact. His surname is now Ikari[2], and he is married to Yui with a child. He hands Fuyutsuki a card from Yui including a drawing of a blue haired angel.

In the present day, Misato is being kept in dark isolation. She hates the bad memories it brings. The past shows Fuyutsuki watching the teenage Misato in the South Pole Investigation Ship Isolation Facility 2, and he is told she hasn’t spoken in two years.

Second Impact is officially classified as a meteor impact. But Fuyutsuki knows that SEELE and Keel Lorenz are involved.

In 2003, Yui and Fuyutsuki meet in Hakone, but Fuyutsuki has business with Gendo. He knows that Gendo knows more than he’s letting on, and has an unusually large amount of private money. Fuyutsuki threatens to go public with the real truth about SEELE, Second Impact, and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but Gendo invites him to see something.

The two men go underground, into the GeoFront, and meet Naoko Akagi, see the Magi and a prototype Evangelion, which Fuyutsuki momentarily mistakes for Adam.

Gendo Rokubungi with Fuyutsuki

Gendo invites Fuyutsuki to work with him to create a new future for mankind[3]

In 2005, the first meeting between Misato Katsuragi and Ritsuko Akagi is shown, narrated by Ritsuko. Misato is now her bubbly self. Soon Misato and Kaji get together, and Misato spends a week away from classes with him.

In 2003, Yui (with the young Shinji) and Fuyutsuki are discussing matters at the Ashinoko Lakefront, Hakone. Fuyutsuki supports her ideas, not SEELE’s. He knows that he can be easily erased, but tells Yui there’s no reason for her to become a test subject. She merely replies that she will "go with the flow of things", and is at SEELE for Shinji’s sake.

In 2004, at Hakone Underground Laboratory 2, the Contact Experiment is taking place. Yui has brought her young son to watch the proceedings. But Yui is wiped out in a "freak accident". According to Naoko Akagi, Gendo changed completely after that day, but she begins a relationship with him regardless. Gendo tells Fuyutsuki he intends to propose the Human Instrumentality Project.[4]

Ritsuko joins Gehirn and discovers her mother's affair with Gendo. A young Rei Ayanami is introduced soon after that, being shown headquarters by Gendo Ikari. Naoko looks at her and is reminded of Yui. She searches the database and finds that all of Rei’s records have been erased. The Magi are completed after this, and Misato is in Branch 3 of Gehirn in Germany. She and Kaji have already broken up.

Kaji smiles to his murderer

Rei is lost and comes to see Naoko. When Naoko offers to let Rei leave with her, Rei calls her an "old hag"[5], and adds that it is Gendo who calls Naoko that, and also pushy, not needed. Enraged, Naoko strangles the girl, calling her just as replaceable. Naoko is horrified at her deed, and commits suicide by jumping from a high rails above the Magi. The day after this, Gehirn is disbanded, and NERV is formed.[6]

Kaji leaves the phone booth, (the episode must have actually begun at this point) and frees Fuyutsuki, who comments that this action will result in his death. Kaji replies that he was thinking of himself because SEELE was about to discover that he was the one who brought Adam to Gendo and that he just wants to get closer to the truth. Misato is released from custody. Kaji meets an unseen person, and is shot dead. When Misato gets home, she finds an answering machine message from Kaji, and breaks down in tears as it plays. Shinji hears her crying and gets up, but can’t go into the kitchen. He returns to bed and puts a pillow over his ears, thinking that he is just a child, and there is nothing he can say or do.

OA Version

  • The recording showing the circumstances leading up to Second Impact is not included in the OA.
  • The scene of Fuyutsuki meeting the agent sent by Gendo/SEELE on the houseboat is not included in the OA.
  • Several scenes are redrawn subtly, such as the scene where Kaji faces his killer.
  • Kaji's comment that SEELE would have discovered his guilt in transporting Adam to Gendo is absent in the On Air version. ADV have stated that the changes relating to Kaji's death were made because the OA version had led fans to mistakenly assume that Misato was Kaji's killer.


  • The college-age Ritsuko is shown smoking: this is the only time in the series she is shown doing this, but the adult Ritsuko is sometimes depicted with ashtrays full of lipstick-marked cigarette butts, indicating that she smokes heavily, a possible sign of anxiety.


  • Gendo refers to Fuyutsuki as "Sensei" and appears to have at least a professional admiration for him if not anything else. That he had Fuyutsuki spared at his behest shows not only Gendo's influence within SEELE but perhaps a grudging trust in Fuyutsuki as well (and perhaps Yui's influence), over other less scrupulous men of similar capacity.
  • Misato is revealed to have gone mute following the horror of the Second Impact, and is seen sitting alone in a room. Her own treatment - more like a scientific experiment than as a proper human being - might draw a parallel with Rei's own upbringing. Ritsuko says that she constantly talks away in college, possibly because her loneliness drives her to seek more and more friends.
    • Ritsuko describes Misato's week-long sex spree with Kaji as "an unexpected side of her". This is seen again in Episode 25, where Misato is accused by the other characters of wanting to show this side of herself to Shinji, but she shakes her head in absolute disgust with herself.
  • The theory that Misato had killed Kaji is one of the oldest misconceptions in Eva fandom. This theory shocked Anno so much at the time that he'd later rectify it in the Director's Cut version of Episode 21 by changing the previous "evidence" for this, a shot of her room's door with her name on it, which was changed to just a shot of her apartment complex. This is one of the few cases of a straight-up retcon in Evangelion. The film-book also states that the killer was not a main character.[7][8][9]


  1. The clear implication here is that Gendo had heard about Fuyutsuki from Yui.
  2. In Japan, it's normally the bride who changes her name, but occasionally the groom will do so if his new wife's family is of higher social status, especially if she has no brothers to carry on the family name.
  3. Gendo never seems concerned about Fuyutsuki's threats to go public. It's quite possible that the audience is supposed to conclude that Gendo actually allowed Fuyutsuki to find incriminating material in order to have the oppurtunity to bring him in.
  4. Gendo's lighting in this scene with the cross-shaped shadow behind him is not realistically possible. The cross-shaped framing casting the shadow is between him and the light source, and the position of the shadow behind him is such that it should fall across him. However, the symbolism in the scene stands out for all to see: Gendo appears to be carrying a cross, representing the burden he is carrying, and which he will carry, in order to reunite with Yui.
  5. Rei is using the Japanese term "baasan" which approximately means "granny", but is the equivalent of "old hag" when directed at the wrong person.
  6. Rei seems quite polite when Gendo first introduces her. No explanation is given for her change in behavior at her second appearance, where she seems to enjoy taunting Naoko. It's been suggested that at this point she already lost part of her soul to Evangelion Unit-00, and has thus gone mad, but there is no supporting evidence.
  7. This was controversial enough to be addressed by Newtype at the time: "While a lot of fans think that it was done by Misato, Director Anno raised the possibility that it could have been done by Japan government or Seele agent".
  8. …Who killed Kaji? What’s your version of it?
    This is a question that many Japanese fans also wonder about. Kaji wanted to investigate a deeper part of NERV (SEELE) and learn of its secrets. He was tricked by one of his informants and then killed. It wasn’t Misato or Ritsuko. Tsurumaki, FUNime March 2002 interview
  9. When it was first aired on TV, it seems no few fans suspected that it was Misato that shot Kaji in this episode. In the "video version," dialogue explaining that SEELE has discovered that Kaji has delivered a sample of Adam to Gendo and has made his position precarious has been added and the way the scene where Kaji is shot conects to the next scene has been changed. It leads the audience to think that the culprit is someone on SEELE's side. - Platinum Episode Commentaries